Definition of Giftedness
Françoys Gagné and Cathie Harrison
What is Giftedness?
Francoys Gagne’s Differentiated Model of Giftedness (DMGT) states that:
- ‘Giftedness is the possession and use of outstanding natural abilities to a degree that places an individual at least among the top 10% of age peers in one or more of the following ability domains: intellectual, creative, social, perceptual and physical.’
- ‘Talent is the outstanding mastery of systematically developed abilities called competencies, knowledge and skills in at least one field of human performance which is at least in the top 10% of age peers in that domain.’
Dr Cathie Harrison (2003) defines the gifted child as being one:
- ‘who performs or who has the ability to perform at a level significantly beyond his or her chronologically aged peers and whose unique abilities and characteristics require special provisions and social and emotional support from the family, community and educational context.’
- Link to Queensland Government Policy and Procedure Register (Policies on Early Childhood and School Education found at the bottom of the page)
- The Action Plan and Framework have been repealed (2013) - latest Education Queensland gifted policy and supporting information can be found at: http://ppr.det.qld.gov.au/pif/policies/Documents/Inclusive-education-policy.pdf
- Australian Curriculum - view Gifted and Talented provision under the Student Diversity tab.